McInnes, Lynn, Mike Bergin, John Ogren & Stephen Schwartz. 1998. Apportionment of light scattering and hygroscopic growth to aerosol composition. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol 25, No 4: 513-516.

Abstract: “During a recent campaign at the NOAA CMDL monitoring station on Sable Island, Canada (43.93◦ N, 60.01◦ W) a dual-nephelometer humidigraph measured the hygroscopic growth factor of aerosol scattering, fRHsp), one of the key parameters necessary for estimating short-wave aerosol radiative forcing. Measurements revealed less growth for anthropogenically influenced aerosols than for marine, fRHsp) of 1.7 ± 0.1 vs. 2.7 ± 0.4, where fRHsp) = σsp(85%)sp(40%). A combined measurement-modeling approach was used to estimate σsp and its RH-dependence, based on the measured particle size distribution and composition. The model suggested that differences in the particle size distribution, assuming the same aerosol composition, could not explain the observed differences in fRHsp). We have confirmed with individual particle analysis, that aerosol composition was indeed responsible for the difference in fRHsp). As well, the scattering contribution of organic carbon for the influenced case is at least as much as sulfate aerosol.”